Medicaid is an insurance program that provides free or low-cost health coverage to some low-income people, families and children, pregnant women, the elderly, and people with disabilities. Medicaid is a federal-state program that is run by state and local governments, within federal guidelines. Because of this, Medicaid varies from state to state.

The list below outlines mandatory Medicaid benefits, which states are required to provide under federal law, and optional benefits that states may cover if they choose.

Medicaid Mandatory Benefits:

Inpatient hospital services
Outpatient hospital services
Nursing Facility Services
Home health services
Physician services
Rural health clinic services
Federally qualified health center services

Optional benefits that states may cover:

Prescription Drugs
Physical Therapy
Occupational Therapy
Speech, hearing and language disorder services
Private duty nursing services
Personal Care
Respiratory care services
Case management
Preventive and rehabilitative services